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Posts tagged “household air pollution”

Machine-learned modeling of PM2.5 exposures in rural Lao PDR

Hill LD, Pillarisetti A, Delapena S, Garland C, Pennise D, Pelletreau A, Koetting P, Motmans T, Vongnakhone K, Khammavong C, Boatman MR, Balmes K, Hubbard A, Smith Kr. 2019. Machine-learned modeling of PM2.5 exposures in rural Lao PDR. Science of The Total Environment, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.258.

Modeling the Impact of an Indoor Air Filter on Air Pollution Exposure Reduction and Associated Mortality in Urban Delhi Household

Liao J, Ye W, Pillarisetti A, Clasen TF. Modeling the Impact of an Indoor Air Filter on Air Pollution Exposure Reduction and Associated Mortality in Urban Delhi Household. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1391; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081391    Supplementary Information

Indian annual ambient air quality standard is achievable by completely mitigating emissions from household sources

Chowdhury S, Dey S, Guttikunda S, Pillarisetti A, Smith KR, Di Girolamo L. Indian annual ambient air quality standard is achievable by completely mitigating emissions from household sources. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Apr 2019, 201900888; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1900888116. Supporting Information.

Promoting LPG usage during pregnancy: A pilot study in rural Maharashtra, India

Pillarisetti A*, Ghorpade M, Madhav S, Dhongade A, Roy S, Balakrishnan K, Sankar S, Patil R, Levine DI, Juvekar S, Smith KR (2019) Promoting LPG usage during pregnancy: A pilot study in rural Maharashtra, India. Environment International 127:540-549.     Supporting Information (.docx)

New Yorker: The Hidden Air Pollution in Our Homes

Nice piece by Nicola Twilley, co-host of Gastropod:

“So there is a big question here,” Marina Vance pointed out. “If all these studies have found an association between outdoor air pollution and a decrease in life quality and life expectancy, but we’re not outside, how does that relationship still hold?”

One possibility is that the brief moments we spend outdoors have an outsized impact on our health. Another consideration is that outdoor pollutants can and do come inside. But one homechem researcher, Allen Goldstein, recently co-authored a paper that suggests a fascinating inversion. The dominant source of VOCs in Los Angeles is now emissions from consumer products, including toiletries and cleaning fluids. In other words, vehicle emissions have been controlled to such an extent that, even in the most car-clogged city in America, indoor air that has leaked outdoors may create more smog than transportation does.

It’s true — some surveys done in the last couple of decades show that people in North America spend, on average, 90% of their time indoors. It’s unlikely that our air pollution exposures — measured as ambient concentrations at central sites, far from where we live and spend time — capture what’s really going on.

One point of contention with this article — despite some nice historical thinking on the relationships between indoor and outdoor air, there was no mention of the very large exposures that continue in the developing world, where solid fuels like wood, grass, dung, and coal are used indoors. A substantial oversight.

Update: Nicola Twilley wrote on twitter that mention of the developing world didn’t make the final version.

Air Pollution and Impact Analysis of a Pilot Stove Intervention: Report to the Ministry of Health and Inter-Ministerial Clean Stove Initiative of the Lao People's Democratic Republic

Hill LD, Pillarisetti A, Delapena S, Garland C, Jagoe K, Koetting P, Pelletreau A, Boatman MR, Pennise D, Smith KR. 2015. Air Pollution and Impact Analysis of a Pilot Stove Intervention: Report to the Ministry of Health and Inter-Ministerial Clean Stove Initiative of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic.

Quantification of a saleable health product (aDALYs) from household cooking interventions

Smith KR, Pillarisetti A, Hill LD, Charron D, Delapena S, Garland C, Pennise D. 2015. Quantification of a saleable health product (aDALYs) from household cooking interventions. World Bank.

Quantifying the Health Impacts of ACE-1 Biomass and Biogas Stoves in Cambodia

University of California, Berkeley; Berkeley Air Monitoring Group, and SNV Netherlands Development Organisation. 2015. Quantifying the Health Impacts of ACE-1 Biomass and Biogas Stoves in Cambodia.

Household Air Pollution and Noncommunicable Disease

HEI Household Air Pollution Working Group. 2018. Household Air Pollution and Noncommunicable Disease. Communication 18. Boston, MA: Health Effects Institute. peer reviewed.

TRAINSET

trainset Access TRAINSET. TRAINSET is a graphical tool for labeling time series data. Labeling is typically used to record interesting points in time series data. For example, if you had temperature data from a sensor mounted to a stove, you could label points that constitute cooking events. Labels could be used as-is or as a training set for machine learning algorithms. For example, TRAINSET could be used to build a training set for an algorithm that detects cooking events in temperature time series data.

WHO Homes Model

who_homes.png Access WHO HOMES Model. The WHO HOMES model is an online implementation of a single compartment boxmodel appropriate for estimating PM or CO concentrations resulting from the combustion of solid fuels in homes. It contains a number of easy to manipulate parameters, like air changes per hour, cooking time, etc, that are used to recreate distributions from which Monte Carlo analyses can be performed. It can estimate exposures using a number of methods.

WHO Performance Targets (PT) Model

who_pt.png Access WHO Performance Targets Model. The WHO PT model is an online implementation of a single compartment boxmodel appropriate for estimating PM or CO concentrations resulting from the combustion of solid fuels in homes. It contains a number of easy to manipulate parameters, like air changes per hour, cooking time, etc, that are used to recreate distributions from which Monte Carlo analyses can be performed.

Advanced household heat pumps for air pollution control: A pilot field study in Ulaanbaatar, the coldest capital city in the world.

Pillarisetti A*, Ma R, Buyan M, Nanzad B, Argo Y, Yang X, Smith KR. 2019. Advanced household heat pumps for air pollution control: A pilot field study in Ulaanbaatar, the coldest capital city in the world. In press Environmental Research. doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.03.019

Measuring personal exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) among rural Honduran women: a field evaluation of the Ultrasonic Personal Aerosol Sampler (UPAS)

Pillarisetti A*, Carter E, Rajkumar S, Young BN, Benka-Coker M, Peel J, Johnson M, Clark M. 2019. Measuring personal exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) among rural Honduran women: a field evaluation of the Ultrasonic Personal Aerosol Sampler (UPAS). Environment International 123: 50-53. doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.11.014

Emissions from village cookstoves in Haryana, India and their potential impacts on air quality

Fleming LT, Weltman R, Yadav A, Edwards RD, Arora NK, Pillarisetti A, Meinardi S, Smith KR, Blake DR, Nizkorodov SA. 2018. Emissions from village cookstoves in Haryana, India and their potential impacts on air quality, Atmos. Chem. And Phys. 18: 15169-15182 doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-487

Monitoring and modeling of household air quality related to use of different cookfuels in Paraguay

Tagle M, Pillarisetti A, Hernandez MT, Troncoso K, Soares A, Torres R, Galeano A, Oyola P, Balmes J, Smith KR. 2018. Monitoring and modeling of household air quality related to use of different cookfuels in Paraguay. Indoor Air doi.org/10.1111/ina.12513

The Pink Key: a low-cost stove use monitor to enable conditional cash transfers

Pillarisetti A*, Gill M, Allen T, Madhavan S, Dhongade A, Ghorpade M, Roy S, Balakrishnan K, Juvekar S, Smith KR. 2019. The Pink Key: a low-cost stove use monitor to enable conditional cash transfers. Ecohealth 15 (4) : 768-776. doi.org/10.1007/s10393-018-1379-5

Household fuel use and pulmonary tuberculosis in Nepal: A case-control study

Bates MN, Pope K, Sijali TR, Pokhrel A, Pillarisetti A, Lam N, Verma S. 2019. Household fuel use and pulmonary tuberculosis in Nepal: A case-control study. Environmental Research 168: 193-205. doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.09.036

Using personal exposure measurements of particulate matter to estimate health impacts associated with cooking in peri-urban Accra, Ghana

Delapena S, Piedrahita R, Pillarisetti A, Garland C, Rossanese M, Pennise D. 2018. Using personal exposure measurements of particulate matter to estimate health impacts associated with cooking in peri-urban Accra, Ghana. Energy for Sustainable Development 45: 190:197. doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2018.05.013

Daily average exposures to carbon monoxide from combustion of biomass fuels in rural households of Haryana, India

Gautam S, Pillarisetti A, Yadav A, Singh D, Arora NK, Smith KR. 2018. Daily average exposures to carbon monoxide from combustion of biomass fuels in rural households of Haryana, India. Environment, Development, and Sustainability. doi.org/10.1007/s10668-018-0131-1